Concern Worldwide is an Irish based international development and humanitarian organisation, whose mission is to help people living in extreme poverty, achieve major improvements in their lives that last and spread without ongoing support from Concern. In Sudan, Concern supports conflict-affected communities in West Darfur, West and South Kordofan states.
Concern has secured funding from the European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) to implement a three-year project known as,Building Resilient communities in West Kordofan (BRICK)in West Kordofan state. The aim of the project is to strengthen communities’ resilience to shocks and stresses, especially the most vulnerable households, within Abyei-Muglad, Keilak and Meriam localities. The programme will be implementedby a consortium consisting of Concern and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNCIEF) in partnership with National NGO partners and in collaboration with the relevant State Ministries in West Kordofan state. In this integrated project, UNICEF will support Education and WASH sectors, while Concern and its partners will intervene inhealth, nutrition, food security, and livelihoods sectors.
Concern ensures that technical standards and guidelines are followed in the implementation of its projects. This includes empowering staff and communities with the knowledge to achieve the project results. Therefore, Concern plans to develop Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) reference manual to be used by frontline staff. The manualsupport the roll DRR activities at the community level to aid in the development of DRR plans.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
Disasters are some of the key drivers of poverty in Sudan. In areas, where Concern works, communities are exposed to disaster risks associated with changing climate and conflicts. There are cyclical hazards such as floods and dry spells, which are becoming increasingly common with the climate change. This year alone, Sudan Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) reported that across Sudan, more than 557,000 people were affected in 17 out of Sudan’s 18 states. More than 111,000 houses were either destroyed or damaged. The floods also damaged 1,700 ha of agricultural land, 179 public facilities (schools, health centres, and government offices), and 359 shops and warehouses, and killed 5,500 head of livestock.Inter-communal conflicts over resources also remains a major challenge and is exacerbated by changing climatic patterns.
For the programmes implemented by Concern to have an impact, disaster risks must be addressed as a fundamental component of theprogramme strategy.The strategies include building the capacity of the communities in DRR to ensure that gains from our programmes are not reversed. To this end, Concern has developed a number technical briefs and guidance notes on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for use by the country programmes. These technical briefs and guidance notes need to be made simpler and appropriate to the context of Sudan so that frontline extension staff working directly with the communities can easily use.
The DRR manual will focus on the three areas:
Community disaster risk analysis; identifying both natural and human driven hazards.
Mitigation measures, including early warning and early action plans.
Establishment and training of community Disaster Risk Management (DRM) groups
Linkages with external institutions and the wider government DRR efforts.